07 Jun. 2022

Beliefs about worrying

When Does Worrying Become a Problem?

Worrying is defined as a “persistent, repetitive, and uncontrollable chain of thoughts that focuses primarily on the uncertainty of some future negative and threatening outcomes…” (Clark and Beck, 2018).

Worrying is a common and natural phenomenon if it does not disrupt a person’s functioning and is not a source of emotional distress. Many factors contribute to excessive and futile worrying. Today, we will explore beliefs that fuel and perpetuate worrying.

Beliefs about exaggerated threat – beliefs that the worst-case scenario is highly likely, for example, “What if I lose my job and never find good employment again?”
Beliefs about personal helplessness – beliefs that one cannot cope with the future consequences of a challenging situation, for instance, “I am completely helpless in matters concerning my health.”

Beliefs about intolerance of uncertainty – beliefs that uncertainty about future negative events should be minimized, for instance, “I cannot stand not knowing how this will all end.”

Beliefs about worrying – beliefs about the positive and negative consequences of worrying and the ability to control it. One might believe that worrying is an expression of care, allows for preparation for problems, and motivates action. Common beliefs include the idea that worrying will “lead” to death or a “nervous breakdown.”
In cognitive-behavioral therapy, changing the beliefs associated with worrying is a crucial aspect of the therapeutic process. This is particularly important for patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), where worrying is chronic and persistent.

If you realize that your worrying is prolonged, and the accompanying anxiety is challenging to bear, seeking help from a specialist is advisable.

Reading: “Anxiety Disorders” by David A. Clark, Aaron T. Beck.

#CBT #DBT #terapiakraków #kraków #psychoterapia #psychologia #lęk #martwienie się

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